Category Archives: Ecology

The Tragedy of the Commodity: Oceans, Fisheries, and Aquaculture (Nature, Society, and Culture)

| October 31, 2016 | admin | 0

By Stefano B. Longo, Rebecca Clausen, Brett Clark

Although people have lengthy relied on oceans and aquatic ecosystems for sustenance and exchange, only in the near past has human impact on those assets dramatically elevated, reworking and undermining oceanic environments through the global. Marine ecosystems are in a concern that's worldwide in scope, speedy in speed, and substantial in scale. In The Tragedy of the Commodity, sociologists Stefano B. Longo, Rebecca Clausen, and Brett Clark discover the position human impression performs during this main issue, highlighting the social and monetary forces which are on the center of this looming ecological problem.
 
In a critique of the vintage conception “the tragedy of the commons” by means of ecologist Garrett Hardin, the authors circulation past simplistic explanations—such as unrestrained self-interest or inhabitants growth—to argue that it's the commodification of aquatic assets that results in the depletion of fisheries and the improvement of environmentally suspect technique of aquaculture. to demonstrate this argument, the ebook good points interesting case studies—the thousand-year historical past of the bluefin tuna fishery within the Mediterranean and the big Pacific salmon fishery. Longo, Clausen, and Clark describe how new fishing applied sciences, differences in ships and garage capacities, and the growth of seafood markets mixed to change appreciably and completely those the most important ecosystems. In doing so, the authors underscore how the actual association of social creation contributes to ecological degradation and a rise within the pressures positioned upon the sea. The authors spotlight the old, political, financial, and cultural forces that form how we have interaction with the bigger biophysical world.
 
A path-breaking research of overfishing, The Tragedy of the Commodity yields perception into concerns corresponding to deforestation, biodiversity loss, toxins, and weather change.
 

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Good Practices And Innovative Experiences In The South: Volume 1: Economic, Environmental and Sustainable Livelihood Initiatives

| October 31, 2016 | admin | 0

By Martin Khor, Lim Li Lin

This booklet constitutes a distinct, inspiring, and essentially worthy compilation of the wealthy number of leading edge stable perform being pioneered at governmental, NGO, and neighborhood degrees in such a lot of 3rd global nations. It offers a wealth of data on loads of specific rules, initiatives and organisations in Asia, Latin the US, and Africa.

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Powering the Dream: The History and Promise of Green Technology

| October 31, 2016 | admin | 0

By Alexis Madrigal

Few this present day discover that electrical cabs ruled Manhattan's streets within the Eighteen Nineties; that Boise, Idaho, had a geothermal heating approach in 1910; or that the 1st megawatt turbine on this planet was once inbuilt 1941 by means of the son of publishing multi-millionaire G. P. Putnam--a feat that might no longer be duplicated for an additional 40 years. Likewise, whereas many take into account the oil embargo of the Nineteen Seventies, few are acutely aware that it ended in a corresponding explosion in green-technology learn that was once purely derailed while strength costs later dropped.

In different phrases: now we have been right here prior to. even if we can have failed, the USA has had the opportunity to place our global on a extra sustainable course. american citizens have, in truth, been inventing eco-friendly for greater than a century.

Half compendium of misplaced possibilities, part hopeful glance towards the long run, Powering the Dream tells the tales of the bright, frequently irascible inventors who foresaw our present difficulties, attempted to invent affordable and effort renewable strategies, and drew the blueprint for a eco-friendly future.

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Green Building Through Integrated Design (GreenSource Books) (McGraw-Hill's Greensource)

| October 31, 2016 | admin | 0

By Jerry Yudelson

Design and build High-Performance constructions on usual Budgets

This entire, well-illustrated consultant covers the full strategy of construction a qualified eco-friendly development. It deals professional perception into tackling a variety of initiatives, from thought and layout, to unifying contributors of the staff, to developing high-performance structures on time and inside funds.

Written through one of many construction industry's most efficient specialists during this sector, Green development via built-in Design contains case stories of a couple of tasks in North the United States. The ebook good points interviews with key gamers to light up the built-in layout method, together with correct matters, tricky demanding situations, and problem-solving ideas. Green construction via built-in Design is the main entire evaluate of eco-friendly construction undertaking supply tools on hand, and is a radical blueprint that each member of the undertaking crew will locate beneficial.

Includes:

  • Key inquiries to ask at each one level of the fairway development approach
  • Profiles of 30 tasks within the U.S. and Canada
  • Detailed interviews with a number of designers and developers
  • Useful checklists, tables, and charts, and various undertaking photographs
  • Key easy methods to iimplement the LEED layout and certification technique
  • Information on easy methods to use eco-friendly construction venture administration software

Green construction via built-in Design covers:

  • Project charges
  • Business case merits
  • Green applied sciences
  • Rating and certification structures
  • Integrated layout strategy
  • Design
  • Construction
  • Certification strategy
  • Operations
  • Case studies

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    The Lakes Handbook, Volume 1: Limnology and Limnetic Ecology

    | October 31, 2016 | admin | 0

    By Patrick O'Sullivan, Colin S. Reynolds

    Carrying on with difficulty approximately water offer and caliber, atmosphere sustainability and recovery calls for that the trendy method of the administration of lakes and reservoirs can be in keeping with a valid figuring out of the applying of the medical and ecological ideas that underlie freshwater strategies.
    The Lakes guide offers an up to date assessment of the applying of ecologically sound methods, tools and instruments utilizing event won around the globe for an realizing of lakes and their administration. quantity one of many guide addresses the actual and organic features of lakes pertinent to lake administration, emphasising these features quite suitable to massive, nonetheless our bodies of water. quantity then considers lake administration, with specific emphasis on sustainability, recovery and rehabilitation.

    This guide may be beneficial to ecologists, environmental scientists, actual geographers and hydrologists interested in limnological learn, in addition to complicated undergraduate and graduate scholars trying to find authoritative experiences of the most important parts of limnological examine.

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    Four Fish: The Future of the Last Wild Food

    | October 31, 2016 | admin | 0

    By Paul Greenberg

    "A invaluable publication for an individual actually drawn to what we take from the ocean to consume, and the way, and why." -Sam Sifton, The ny instances e-book Review.

    author and life-long fisherman Paul Greenberg takes us on a trip, studying the 4 fish that dominate our menus: salmon, sea bass, cod, and tuna. Investigating the forces that get fish to our dinner tables, Greenberg finds our broken courting with the sea and its population. simply 3 a long time in the past, approximately every little thing we ate from the ocean was once wild. at the present time, rampant overfishing and an extraordinary biotech revolution have introduced us to some extent the place wild and farmed fish occupy equivalent elements of a fancy market. Four Fish bargains a fashion for us to maneuver towards a destiny during which fit and sustainable seafood is the guideline instead of the exception.

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    Silenced Rivers: The Ecology and Politics of Large Dams

    | October 31, 2016 | admin | 0

    By Patrick McCully

    Entirely up to date in gentle of the hot global fee on Dams file, and responding to it, this new version of Patrick McCully's now vintage examine exhibits why huge dams became any such arguable expertise in either industrialized and constructing nations. He explores the wide-ranging ecological affects of enormous dams, the human results, the association of the dam-building undefined, and the function performed through foreign banks and relief companies in selling it. He additionally appears because the vast technical, safeguard, and monetary difficulties linked to huge dams. New during this variation, the writer tells the tale of the quick progress of the overseas anti-dam circulate, and indicates replacement tools of offering the providers supposedly supplied via huge dams.

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    Political Landscapes: Forests, Conservation, and Community in Mexico

    | October 31, 2016 | admin | 0

    By Christopher R. Boyer

    Following the 1917 Mexican Revolution population of the states of Chihuahua and Michoacán got mammoth tracts of leading timberland as a part of Mexico's land redistribution application. even though locals won ownership of the forests, the government retained administration rights, which created clash over next a long time between rural, usually indigenous villages; govt; and personal trees businesses approximately how most sensible to control the forests. Christopher R. Boyer examines this heritage in Political Landscapes, the place he argues that the forests in Chihuahua and Michoacán turned what he calls "political landscapes"—that is, geographies that turn into politicized via the interactions among opposing actors—through the results of backroom offers, nepotism, and political negotiations. figuring out the historic dynamic of neighborhood forestry in Mexico is especially severe for these attracted to selling group involvement within the use and conservation of forestlands all over the world. contemplating how rural and indigenous humans have faced, accredited, and converted the rationalizing tasks of wooded area administration foisted on them by way of a developmentalist nation is essential earlier than neighborhood administration is applied elsewhere.

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    Ecovillages: Lessons for Sustainable Community

    | October 31, 2016 | admin | 0

    By Karen T. Litfin

    In a global of dwindling normal assets and mounting environmental trouble, who's devising methods of residing that might paintings for the lengthy haul? and the way will we, as members, make a distinction? to respond to those basic questions, Professor Karen Litfin embarked upon a trip to some of the world’s ecovillagesÑintentional groups on the state of the art of sustainable residing. From rural to city, excessive tech to low tech, non secular to secular, she stumbled on an under-the-radar worldwide move making optimistic and radical alterations from the floor up.

    during this inspiring and insightful e-book, Karen Litfin stocks her particular event of those experiments in sustainable residing via 4 large home windows - ecology, economics, neighborhood, and cognizance - or E2C2. no matter if we are living in an ecovillage or a urban, she contends, we needs to include those 4 key parts if we want to harmonize our lives with our domestic planet.

    not just is one other international attainable, it's already being born in small wallet across the world. those micro-societies, although, are small and time is brief. thankfully - as Litfin persuasively argues - their successes may be utilized to latest social constructions, from the neighborhood to the worldwide scale, supplying sustainable methods of residing for generations to come.

    you could study extra approximately Karen's reports at the Ecovillages web site: http://ecovillagebook.org/

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